Basic structure and rules for writing an essay.

Basic Essay Structure

The easiest, most conventional essay structure in English includes introduction > body > conclusion. Many academic papers involve this structure, though it is often adapted in some manner to accommodate different topics and purposes.

This structure is popular as it helps to ensure that the primary points associated with essay are very clear and well supported. The introduction gives the writer’s overall point and purpose in the essay. The body gives support for this point that is overall. The conclusion restates the overall point.

A prototype essay of this structure includes in more detail


The purpose of the introduction would be to capture the reader’s attention, lead the reader into your topic and give your reader your point that is overall or.

A structure that is conventional introductions is general to specific. These introductions begin with some general statements on an interest (e.g. a development or trend, an fact that is interesting a situation, a typical belief or argument), before moving onto the particular issue or problem that the essay will deal with. They end with the overall point and/or reason for the essay – which is called the thesis statement. This thesis statement must essaywriter then be sustained by the remaining portion of the essay.

Everybody knows that vitamin D may be the sunshine vitamin, and therefore vitamin D is vital once and for all health. Researchers have shown that vitamin D prevents illnesses such as for example rickets, improves the condition of your skin, regulates the system that is immune advances the rate of metabolism (Nordwist 2000). Regardless of this general knowledge, however, lots of people today still have problems with vitamin D deficiencies throughout the world. This essay overviews the causes of this continuing health condition.

(Adapted from Reed 1988: The Process of Composition)

Note: If your essay is created in response to a particular question, make sure that your thesis statement is clearly strongly related the question!


The body associated with essay is divided in to paragraphs. Desire to in these paragraphs is always to clearly support your essay’s thesis statement.

Clear paragraphs usually contain only one main point which is then supported. The point that is overall the paragraph is known as the topic sentence. This typically occurs at the start of the paragraph.

An important reason behind vitamin D deficiency is sun exposure that is limited. Human skin produces vitamin D when it’s exposed to the sun’s rays. Lots of people who live far from the equator when you look at the northern and hemispheres that are southern inadequate contact with the sun since the sun’s rays are not strong enough during winter season. Having an indoor occupation and using sunscreen also limit the amount of sun exposure a person receives.

(Adapted from „Better Medicine, Healthgrades“ 2012)

The primary point of the example paragraph is expressed within the topic sentence, „An important reason behind vitamin D deificiency is bound sun exposure“. This time will be explained because of the remaining portion of the paragraph.

Make sure that you support your topic sentence prior to moving onto a unique point and new paragraph. With many short paragraphs, you probably need to think more about your argument and read more about your topic to develop your ideas if you find yourself. Otherwise, the reader will find your argument hasty and superficial.

Be sure also that your particular paragraphs are sequenced logically so the reader can easily follow your line of thought throughout the essay. This often involves paragraphs that are starting logical connectors:

The final issue which can cause.

This reminds your reader of the overall point/purpose of this essay and ties the essay together.


The objective of the conclusion is to briefly remind the reader of your overall point, possibly suggest wider implications, and provide the essay a satisfying sense of closure.

To conclude, vitamin D deficiency is both more wide-spread than many people realize. The cause is often poverty and resulting malnutrition in developing countries. In Western countries, however, the issue is typically an overly processed or imbalanced diet. More effort therefore has to be made to increasing awareness that is public of vitamin D sources.

In conclusion is another good opportunity to tie the essay together while making it clear that you’ve got supported your point well.

Keep in mind that in an exceedingly paper that is short you ought to avoid giving too much of an overview. Your reader will remember all the points, therefore it will feel unnecessary. Instead, summarize only very briefly and then move onto wider implications and final comments.